The “Safina Retreat” visit organized by Madrasah (Germany) included 70 participants from Germany, Austria, and Sweden. On the second day of the visit, the group stopped by our Süleymaniye Campus to be welcomed by our Dean of the Faculty of Islamic Sciences Prof. Bilal Aybakan.
Prof. Aybakan gave our guests a historical introduction about the Süleymaniye Camii and its complex. After a brief overview about the construction and central figures linked with this important site, he explained how the Ibn Haldun University is trying to revive the lost heritage of the 600 years old tradition of bringing forth a distinguished Islamic scholarship.
The group was given a guided tour through the Süleymaniye Madrasa, the workspace of Shaykh al-Islam Ebu Su’ud Efendi, and they gathered together to meet other professors in the Dar al-Qurra.
Ibn Haldun University marked the 104th anniversary of Gallipoli Victory by conducting a lecture titled “A Wall of Steel Plate.”
Speaking at the lecture, the Head of History Department at Ibn Haldun University Prof. Halil Berktay said, “My lecture today is addressed to this key phrase “Çelik Zırhlı Duvar,” that occurs in the third stanza of the Turkish national anthem the lyrics which were written by the famous Turkish Muslim poet Mehmet Akif Ersoy, who is also famous for having written, few years earlier (1915-1916), something called “Çanakkale Şehitlerine;” hymn to the martyrs of Gallipoli.”
Mehmet Akif and the national anthem
Prof. Berktay suggested that the Turkish National Anthem, written by Mehmet Akif in 1921 is virtually like a synopsis to the hymn which he has written to the martyrs of Gallipoli earlier.
He clarified that, “The Gallipoli hymn is very concrete and descriptive in places like journalism in verse; trying to describe battle scenes in graphic language it is rhetorical but perhaps not so abstract monumental in contrast the national anthem is much more monumental in a general and in abstract sense that is to say that Akif expands it into forever kind of moment in the Turkish national anthem and unending timeless kind of confrontation between us and imperialism.”
Historical walls and castles
Professor Berktay talked about the historical walls, “walls are part of history, they arise in connection with state formation. Basically, they serve the function of imposing authority on a given territory and dividing, fortifying, separating, defending and protecting it.”
During the lecture, Professor Berktay went through different historical walls and navies that used as armors with the aim of protection such as; Troi seven, Roman defensive system around Rhine river, Diyarbakir city walls (5700 meters) which classified by UNESCO as the second longest walls after the Great Wall of China,
Theodosian Wall of Constantinople, The Medieval City of Carcassonne, York city walls, Walls of Jerusalem, Great Wall of China, the Crac de l’Ospital, which is a Crusader castle in Syria and one of the most important preserved medieval castles in the world, Meridian Gate of china, and the Topkapı Palace “military gate.”
Navies as a wooden wall
According to Professor Berktay, there are things that are not proper walls but are referred to as walls, “This is not really begin with Mehmet Akif or with Gallipoli and the Turkish National Anthem it actually begins much earlier in between 1st Persian war (490 B.C.) and before the 2nd one, comes along an interesting development takes place in Athens.”
“The city of Athens discovers a new rich silver mine nearby and there arises a dispute in the city about what to do with this windfall the traditional practice is to divide the silver amongst all the citizens of the city Themistocles the leading politician at the time objects and argues that the Persians are certain to attack it again and therefore this wind fall the silver must be invested accordingly in building a huge fleet of galleys which will be their wooden wall against the Salamis.”
What is meant by “Wall of steel plate”?
Prof. Berktay highlighted that “Wall of steel plate” mentioned in the third stanza of the Turkish National Anthem (below) is a defensive wall in light of the key words “armor” and “stands off” in the hymn of Gallipoli martyrs?
What if a Wall of steel plate girds the West’s horizons?
I too have my faith-filled breast as my bulwark.
Let it bark, fear not! How could such faith be strangled?
By that one-toothed monster you call civilization!
“It seems impossible to envisage a wall of steel plate going all around the West; firstly, it is not possible and it is not easy to try to imagine that and secondly, the further problem is a wall of steel plate guarding the West’s horizons as we have seen in the previous examples of city walls or castles etc. It becomes a defensive metaphor. Wall, castle and fortress are after all an instrument of not an offensive warfare but defensive warfare. But clearly the overall context of the national anthem is that the West as imperialism is on the offensive and we, the Turkish nation, are the victims of this on slot and we are in the position of defending ourselves as made clear by the reference to this phrase; my faith-filled breast as my bulwark.”
Prof. Berktay emphasized that “Steel” is a literally reference to a civilization of steam and steel that regarded at that time characterizing the Western civilization.
Ceremonies are held every year on March 18 across the nation to mark the victory on Gallipoli Day in Turkey. Exactly 104 years ago, Ottoman soldiers which deployed in the Gallipoli Strait succeeded in preventing a huge Allied fleet from gaining access to the strategic channel. The Allied fleet was attempting to pass through the strait before conquering Istanbul and pushing the Ottoman Empire out of World War I. The fleet’s repeated attempts to pass through failed (March 18, 1915), it gave up, forcing the military to attempt a landing. The landing and the succeeding months-long stalemate ended in early 1916 when the allied army failed and withdrew.
Prof. Kelly Clark gave a speech at “God and The Brain” conference, which was organized by the Department of Philosophy. The conference was held in March 7, 2019 at Mesnevi Hall of our Basaksehir campus.
The keynote speaker of the conference, Prof. Kelly James Clark, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Kaufman Interfaith Institute at Grand Valley State University in USA.
Our President Prof. Recep Senturk, our General Secretary Erkem Tuzgen, faculty members and students from different departments of our university attended the conference, during which Prof. Clark talked about what he wrote in his last book, “God and The Brain” that will be published soon.
During his speech, Clark brought together science and philosophy to examine some of humanity’s more pressing questions about the nature of belief and the human mind such as: Is belief in God a delusion? Are atheists smarter or more rational than religious believers? Do our genes determine who we are and what we believe? Can our very creaturely cognitive equipment help us discover truth and meaning in life?
Clark’s surprising answers through the speech were both defending the rationality of religious belief and contributing to the study of cognitive science.
Talking about how the subject “God and The Brain” came out, Prof. Clark said: “There is a strong relationship between philosophy and social sciences. When we learned Philosophy we didn’t pay much attention to the social sciences, we talked about knowledge totally independent from how our minds actually worked.”
Prof. Clark expressed that the philosophy for the past 2500 years centered around knowledge and speculating about definitions such as what is the truth and added, “I have got increasingly interested in how our minds actually work, what really goes in our minds, how we take in information, how do we process information, how do we have experiences and then outcome belief?”
The conference ended by questions asked by the audiences and taking souvenir photographs after presenting a gift to our guest by our President Prof. Recep Senturk.
Who is Professor Kelly James Clark
Kelly James Clark (born March 3, 1956) is an American philosopher noted for his work in the philosophy of religion, science and religion, and the cognitive science of religion.
Prof. Kelly, who received his Ph.D. from Notre Dame University in 1985, wrote his dissertation on “Probabilistic Confirmation Theory and the Existence of God” under the advisory of Prof. Alvin Plantinga.
Kelly James Clark has held postdoctoral fellowships at Oxford University, the University of St. Andrews and the University of Notre Dame. Currently focused on the philosophy of religion, epistemology, and Chinese philosophy, he is the author, editor, or co-author of more than twenty books including Abraham’s Children: Liberty and Tolerance in an Age of Religious Conflict, Religion and the Sciences of Origins, Return to Reason, The Story of Ethics, When Faith Is Not Enough, 101 Key Philosophical Terms of Their Importance for Theology, and the upcoming God & the Brain.
The Department of Health, Culture and Sports of Ibn Haldun University has launched a new series of interviews titled “Art Meetings.” In Art Meetings, significant names in the art domain will be hosted in our university. They will be speaking to our students about their experiences.
“Art and Us,” which hosted Ilhami Atalay, was held on February 13, to be the first meeting of the series.
In his speech, Atalay, expressed the importance of creating a new concept of art produced from our own codes of culture and reflecting the meaning of art, wisdom and contemplation to our life.
Describing art as: the name of the beauty that human being is in love with, Atalay said, “There are three kinds of eyes: the eye that can see, the eye of mind and the eye of the heart. The eye of the heart means wisdom. For the human to be able to realize the beauty, he has to look with the wisdom.” He said.
“We Need to Build a New Understanding of Art”
Atalay, stressed out that our sense of art effected by west has deeply damaged our evaluation ability of things, and the solution is potentially lays in our philosophy of culture.
Art Meetings will continue with the participation of different artists in the coming months.
In the framework of the Wednesday Talk Series, organized by Alliance of Civilizations Institute “MEDIT”, a program titled “Hadith and Scholars: Its Formation and Challenges” was held.
The speakers in the program that held on Wednesday February 13 at Suleymaniye Madrasa Salis, were our President Recep Şentürk and the MEDIT Visiting Researcher from School of Theology of Doshisha University, Assoc. Prof. Moriyama Teruaki. Academics, scholars and intellectuals also took part in the event.
Talk Over Hadith Again at Madrasa of Suleymaniye
In his presentation “Unbroken Chain of Social Memory: Hadith Transmission Network 610-2019,” Professor Recep Şentürk, firstly reminded that Suleymaniye Madrasa and especially Darülhadis was the most powerful and effective educational institution in the Ottoman intellectual world from its establishment till the 20th century and added “It is gratifying that an important scientific meeting is held on the Hadith today.”
Prof. Şentürk termed the hadith transmission network “the longest recorded social network”.
“There are no other networks like this recorded in the world,” he said.
He also talked about two main disciplines “Usul al-Hadith” and “Usul al-Fiqh” used in the evaluation of hadith.
“Usul al-Hadith and Usul al-Fiqh: one is about reliable transmission and the other is appropriate understanding and practicing the hadith.”
Medieval hadith scholars
Assoc. Prof. Moriyama Teruaki spoke on how medieval hadith scholars, who called themselves ‘Ashab al-Hadith,’ compiled and used biographical local histories.
Hadith scholars were linked to a scholarly line from 10th century Khorasan, the historical region lying in the northeast of Greater Persia, including part of Central Asia and Afghanistan, he said.
“These scholars played an important role in both the development of hadith studies and the spread of Sunnah and medieval Muslim societies,” he said.
However, he said discussions on the authenticity of hadith are still going on, noting it is one of the “most critical” subjects in this regard.
Through his speech, Moriyama said: “Some hadith are innovated, fabricated. At the same time, some hadith are thoroughly attributed to Prophet Mohammed.
“They –scholars- tried to distinguish authentic hadith and fake hadith. It is the main purpose of the hadith scholars and academic practices.”
Such discussions on the authenticity of hadith have always continued, he said.
No hadith contradicts the Quran
Moriyama said authentic hadith do not contradict the Quran.
“There are some little contradictions between hadith and Quran. However, authentic hadith do not contradict the Quran. Hadith scholars dismissed such hadith contracting the Quran.”
The introductory meeting of ‘Basiret and Direniş’ published by Ibn Haldun University Publications, was conducted on February 13, at Salis Madrasa of our campus of Suleymaniye. The meeting was attended by Chief Editor of Ibn Haldun University Publications Savaş Tali and the authors of the book Mehmet Özay, Adem Efe and Ekrem Saltık.
The book that holds the signatures of Member of teaching staff of Sociology Department at Ibn Haldun University Dr. Mehmet Özay, Assoc. Prof. Adem Efe and Dr. Ekrem Saltık, is the first of the series of Ottoman Press Research. The book which contains texts from ‘Basiret’ newspaper refers to the years 1870-1908 in which Ali Efendi published it in Istanbul over two periods, dealing with the attained manuscripts of the first two years of the war that occurred between Açe Darüsselam Sultanlığı and the colonial forces of Holland in the period of 1873-1904, from a sociological perspective.
An Important Source in The Context of Ottoman-Malay Archipelago Relations
Mehmet Özay, the first speaker of the introductory meeting, gave a presentation on the subject and the framework of the book and shared the story behind the book’s production with the audience. Basiret Newspaper, which gave its name to the book, was following up the developments of the war on the territory of Aceh through the important newspapers published in Western countries for a number of years, not only to create public opinion by informing the Ottoman society of the developments; but also to form a political orientation in the sense of the Islamic union to confront the actions took against the Ottoman government; especially through the editorial comments of the newspaper.
The book titled ‘Basiret ve Direniş,’ which means ‘Prudence and Resistance,’ aims to pave the way for various sub-titles in the context of the Ottoman-Malay Archipelago relations, such as ‘Islamic Societies and The West,’ ‘Independence and Modernization’ and ‘Economic Development and Education.’
“Strong Staff of Writers Like Namık Kemal and Ahmet Midhat Efendi”
Assoc. Prof. Adem Efe clarified during his speech that ‘Basiret’ magazine which was produced in a total of 2467 issues in two separate eras, stands out for the Islamic unity as the main matter of the magazine.
Efe added that the newspaper, which was distributed widely, had important names of writers such as Namık Kemal, Ali Suavi and Ahmet Midhat Efendi. According Efe, the newspaper was publishing the news of the Ottoman lands through local news reporters, as well as the international news by following up the developments in the international area day by day and transferring it to the public.
Chief Editor of Ibn Haldun University Publications Savaş Tali thanked the speakers and the audience through his speech and highlighted that many valuable projects are being carried out within IHU Publications and that books would be published in sequence in the coming days. Tali reminding that this book is the first of the series of Ottoman Journalism Research, stated that Ibn Haldun University Publications has started preparations for publishing many other books within the fruitful subject of Ottoman Journalism Research.
The introductory meeting of the book titled ‘Basiret ve Direniş,’ which can be easily obtained from the bookstores and the websites, ended with the questions of the audience and signing the book.
Department of Economics of Ibn Haldun University organized a seminar on Friday, February 8, 2019. At the seminar titled “Launching a Revolution in Teaching Economics,” Prof. Asad Zaman, Vice Chancellor at Pakistan Institute of Developing Economics, stated that the west has poisoned our minds by determining which type of knowledge can be considered as knowledge and which type cannot be considered. He clarified that Eurocentric approach claims that the knowledge inspired from Quran is not knowledge. According to Zaman, the first step to benefit from the light of Holy Quran is to un-poison our minds in order to be able to launch a revolution in teaching economics.
Our President Prof. Recep Şentürk, Dean of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Prof. Fuat Erdal and some of the university students were among the attendees of the seminar.
Prof. Azad stressed that Eurocentric methodology failed to solve problems in our daily life such as dishonesty, corruption and cheating because this methodology denies the spiritual aspect of human being and focuses on the homo economicus approach which, as stated by Zaman, relies on using rational assessments and attempts to maximize utility from consumer point of view and economic profit of a producer.
Talking about the fundamental flaws in economic theories, Professor Zaman stressed that “If we could not present a new microeconomics that have the ability to solve the world’s problems, then we are definitely contributing to the darkness of the current approach of teaching economics.” A new Microeconomics, as claimed by Zaman, should replace each of: the maximization approach by heuristic approach, homo economicus approach by human beings with emotions and morals approach, and equilibrium by dynamic simulations in agent based models.
Recreating the Fundamentals
Mentioning Global Financial Crisis, Positivist Methodology and Capitalist Bias as the fundamental flaws in economic theories, Prof. Asad Zaman added “Our problems should be solved by us and we have to recreate the fundamentals of economic theory.”
The seminar ended by presenting a developed porcelain model of “Circle of Justice” by our President Recep Şentürk to our guest Prof. Asad Zaman. Circle of justice is a term used to describe the relationship between the state and the people in the Ottoman Empire period.
Ibn Haldun University continues to embrace academicians with internationally respected studies. As part of our cooperation with Doshisha University, one of Japan’s most prestigious universities, and as part of an academic exchange program, we have received Assoc. Prof. Moriyama Teruaki as a visiting researcher at the Alliance of Civilizations Institute (MEDIT).
Working at “MEDIT”
For two months, Assoc. Teruaki will continue his education activities in the Salis Madrasa at the Süleymaniye campus. Assoc. Prof. Moriyama Teruaki will give seminars to our students during this time. At the same time, Assoc. Prof. Teruaki will carry on researches at the Süleymaniye Library (Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi) which is the largest manuscript library in Turkey and preserves one of the world’s most extensive collections of Islamic manuscripts. He will also have scientific meetings with scholars working on history of Hadith.
Assoc. Prof. Moriyama Teruaki, will be in a joint program with our President Prof. Recep Şentürk. On February 13 at 13:00 at the Conference Hall of MEDIT, Prof. Recep Şentürk, will deliver a speech on “Non-Breaking recorded social network: Hadith Narrative Network, 610-2018,” while Assoc. Dr. Moriyama Teruaki’s speech will be on “The Intellectual Activities and Influences of Hadith Scholars Who Lived in Khorasan and The Spread of Sunnah in The Medieval Muslim Societies.”
Winter School of Ibn Haldun University for High school ended on Friday, February 1, 2019. While IHU Social Sciences Winter School for High School was held on January 21-25, Foreign Language Program was held between January 28 and February 1.
In the School of Social Sciences, where 50 high school students were accepted out of a high number of applications and through a rigorous selection process, the students experienced university life between January 21 and 25 with a fruitful 5 days program. Students, who took courses in the fields of Media and Communication, History, Law, Philosophy, International Relations, Psychology, Sociology, Economics, Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Business Administration, and Islamic Studies, had the opportunity to live one-to-one campus life with social-cultural activities.
From Turkish Airlines to AFAD
High school students who have received trainings by qualified academicians to guide themselves through every moment of the life have already attained an overview to university education with these courses. The students had the opportunity to learn and find answers to their questions about the air transportation by visiting Turkish Airlines; what to do in disasters and emergency with AFAD trip. Through trips of “Dialogue in the Darkness” and “Silence Dialogue,” they managed to learn new perspectives in seeing and hearing.
“Effective Communication Gives People Time and Respect”
On the last day of the School of Social Sciences, news presenter for ATV, Cem Öğretir, gave a presentation on effective public speaking and effective communication. Öğretir stressed on the importance for the students to be able to communicate effectively regardless of their department or their career life. He also explained with examples how to use the body language and tone of voice correctly. Cem Öğretir who stated that effective communication gives people time and respect, performed several songs at the end of his speech with his guitar.
Social Sciences Program of Ibn Haldun University’s Winter School for High School ended with handing over the certificates of participation to the students by our President Professor Recep Şentürk and our General Secretary Mr. Erkam Tüzgen.
Our Future is in Social Sciences
High school students who came from all over Turkey experienced a full university life, became more familiar with universities and the departments of the bachelor degree and hanged around Istanbul in 5 days long visit.
IHU Winter School, which included illuminating and effective presentations done by our President and academic staff, widened the horizons of High school students and qualified them to make the right choice. The IHU Winter School for High school ended with good memories which touched the hearts of the future social sciences.
Library of Ibn Haldun University is enriching its broad collection of printed and electronic books on daily basis. In this context, the donations made by the philanthropists to our library are important as well. Recently, one of the prominent teachers of our country in Islamic Sciences, Prof. Raşit Küçük, donated his books to our university library.
Prof. Raşit Küçük’s library contains works in various languages, especially in Islamic sciences. Prof. Küçük is currently chairing the Turkish Religious Foundation Center for Islamic Studies (ISAM).
Because of this valuable donation, our Chairman of the Board of Trustees Prof. Irfan Gündüz and our President Prof. Recep Şentürk visited Prof. Raşit Küçük at his office in (ISAM) and expressed their thanks on behalf of our university.
Who is Professor Raşit Küçük?
Professor Raşit Küçük was born in 1947 in Antalya. In 1966, he graduated from the Antalya Imam Hatip School, and in 1970 he graduated from Konya Higher Islamic Institute. In 1975, he was appointed as a lecturer in Erzurum Higher Islamic Institute in the Hadith and Islamic Ethics Department. In 1981, he was reassigned to Istanbul Higher Islamic Institute.
He completed his PhD at Social Sciences Institution of Marmara University in 1983, after he had started his PhD program at the Faculty of Islamic Sciences of Erzurum Atatürk University in 1979. He became an associate professor in 1997 and a professor in 2003. Prof. Küçük was the dean of the Faculty of Theology at Marmara University for five years. He was the founder and member of many foundations, associations and non-governmental organizations. After serving as President of the supreme Council of Religious Affairs between the years of 2011-2014 in the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Prof. Küçük retired in June 2014, and hold the presidency of Turkey Religious Foundation Center for Islamic Studies (ISAM) till today.
Prof. Raşit Küçük has many articles published in various journals, and he has presented papers to symposiums that he attended in Turkey and abroad. In addition to writing the encyclopedia articles, Prof. Raşit Küçük worked as a Master and PhD Thesis Advisor for nearly 40 students during his academic years.